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by Professor Jonathan
Bisson and Dr Stuart Turner
Last updated: April 2019
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
was first included as a diagnostic term in DSM-III in
1980, although under other names (e.g. traumatic neurosis), it
has a much longer history in European psychiatry. It is now widely
recognised as a major cause of distress and suffering following
Common symptoms of PTSD include recurring
recollections or dreams related to the traumatic event,
avoidance and numbing, and hypervigilance. Recent reviews have
consistently recommended trauma-focused psychological therapies as
a first-line treatment for PTSD, although pharmacological
treatments have also been found to be effective in some cases.
This module will introduce some
of the different biological, psychological and social
models of PTSD in adults. It will
also provide up-to-date information on the epidemiology
of PTSD and outline steps to help prevent and treat the
If you like this module, you may also be interested in:
Complex PTSD in children and adolescents by Dr Margaret DeJong
and Dr Jacob Ellis
Armed forces and mental health: Part 1 – mental
healthcare in military service by Professor Neil Greenberg, Dr
Paul Lewis, Dr Elizabeth Anne Braidwood and Dr Elizabeth Hunt
An introduction to
cognitive-behavioural therapy by Dr Chris Williams and Dr
Pharmacological management of anxiety disorders
by Dr Zia Nadeem and Dr Allan Scott
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