About the authors

Clodagh Commane, BA, MB, BAO, BCh, MSc, LLM, MRCPI, MRCPsych

Consultant Psychiatrist, Croydon PICU, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust.


Dr Commane trained in general adult psychiatry, subspecialising in liaison psychiatry, and subsequently trained in forensic psychiatry. She currently works as consultant psychiatrist in Croydon PICU, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust.


Declaration of interests: None


Fiona T Toal, MRCPsych, PhD

Dr Fiona ToalConsultant Forensic Psychiatrist, the Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health, Victoria, Australia.


Dr Toal completed her PhD in neuroimaging with the Royal College of Psychiatrists, Ireland in conjunction with the Institute of Psychiatry, London.


Email: fiona.toal@forensicare.vic.gov.au


Declaration of interests: None






Paul E Mullen, MB, BS, DSc

Professor Paul MullenProfessor of Forensic Psychiatry at Monash University, Australia.


Clinical Director at the Victorian Institute of Forensic Mental Health. 


Professor Mullen is an eminent forensic psychiatrist and internationally renowned as a clinician and a researcher, with an extensive clinical and research background. His research interests include the relationship between mental disorder and criminal behaviour, stalking, the long term impact of childhood sexual abuse, jealousy and litigious and chronic complainers. 


Declaration of interests: None





James R P Ogloff, JD, PhD

Professor James OgloffProfessor of Clinical Forensic Psychology and Director of the Centre for Forensic Behavioural Science at Monash University.


Director of Psychological Services at Forensicare.


Professor Ogloff received his PhD in psychology and his Juris Doctor in Law with distinction from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Prior to leaving Canada in 2001, he was University Endowed Professor of Law and Forensic Psychology (Simon Fraser University) and Director of Mental Health Services (British Columbia Corrections). He has extensive clinical and research experience specialising in the area of assessment and treatment of mentally ill offenders.


Declaration of interests: None

© 2022 Royal College of Psychiatrists