Module 2: Acute harms and management of depressants

by Dr Dima Abdulrahim, Dr David Wood, Dr Sarah Finlay and Dr Owen Bowden-Jones, on behalf of the NEPTUNE group


Published: September 2017


This module is aimed at clinicians who are likely to come into contact with people presenting to hospital with acute harms resulting from the use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) and club drugs.


Specifically, this module provides learning about the acute harms of depressant NPS and club drugs and their management.


This module will focus on the following central nervous system (CNS) depressant drugs most commonly used in a 'club' context in the UK:


  • GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate) and GBL (gamma-butyrolactone)


  • ketamine and its analogues


  • nitrous oxide.


This module will not address novel opioids (e.g. AH7921) and new benzodiazepines.


Start the module


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