About the authors

Lisa Williams, MB, ChB, MSc, MRCPsych

Dr Lisa Williams


Consultant in Old Age Psychiatry, Mersey Care NHS Trust.


Dr Williams has a long standing interest in the ethics of consent and advance decision-making. Her MSc dissertation was on the ethics of non-therapeutic research on cognitively impaired adults.


Email: lisa.williams@merseycare.nhs.uk


Declaration of interests: None





John Rigby, MB, ChB, FRCPsych

Dr John Rigby


Retired Consultant in Old Age Psychiatry for Mersey Care NHS Trust.


Dr Rigby has published on schizophrenia, dementia and the Mental Health Act.


Email: john.rigby01@live.co.uk 


Declaration of interests: None


© 2021 Royal College of Psychiatrists